The use of radiosurgery in plastic surgery and dermatology

Radiosurgery or Radiofrequency or Radiowave surgery is a non-surgical, minimally invasive, painless, and aesthetically satisfying procedure used during the last two decades in the effective in moles removal, warts removal, skin tags removal, keratosis removal and other skin lumps or bumps removal, assuring minimal to no scarring, procedures successfully performed at our Renew Skin & Health Clinic.

When wanting to get rid of such skin conditions, we must always seek professional medical advice, as a radiosurgery private treatment performed by a fully qualified practitioner will ensure optimum results and prevent or minimize possible risks, complications or side-effects. That is why we recommend you to contact our Head Office at Renew Skin & Health Clinic and schedule an appointment for a specialized consultation with the cosmetic specialist.

Regarding the condition of the skin lumps, growths or lesions, these are mostly benign and harmless, however, in some rare situations and under the negative effects of free-radicals or harmful environmental factors, or even genetics, they can suffer alterations and develop a malignant nature, thus requiring immediate removal. On the other hand moles, warts or other such lesions can simply be unaesthetic, situations in which patients seek professional advice on private treatments for their removal that can ensure excellent cosmetic results. This is where radiosurgery has gained primary position and managed to exceed the results of other types of removal procedures, due to the superior cosmetic results it ensures.

First of all, let’s state and clarify this medical term as it actually refers to two entirely different surgical techniques and make sure we eliminate any possible confusion regarding the treatments they are used for. The first type of Radiosurgery is the Stereotactic Radiotherapy which allows the non-invasive treatment of benign or malignant conditions and vascular malformations using ionizing radiation, namely gamma rays. It was first developed in Sweden in 1949 to provide irradiation for brain tumor lesions.

The second type of Radiosurgery is Radiofrequency or Radiowave surgery, the one we have discussed in the first paragraphs, which uses a high frequency alternate current for the cutting of tissues. The Radiofrequency procedure differs from electrosurgery or electrocautery as it simultaneously cuts and cauterizes the lesion, coagulating tissues with no required pressure application, or tissue contact, while electrocautery cuts the skin tissues by passing an electric current through the patient, the risk of shock and burn to the patient being quite high.

Radiosurgery or radiowave surgery performed at Renew Skin & Health Clinic by experienced dermatologists uses high frequencies of 4 MHz, but deliver low temperatures through the differently-shaped micro-fiber electrodes. The most important aspect of radiosurgery is that it ensures high precision, great control and causes minimal to no damage to the surrounding tissues with this 4 MHz high frequency. This also implies less postoperative pain, enhanced healing, minimal to no bleeding whatsoever and no downtime required.

Before Radiosurgery Treatment

Before undergoing a radiosurgery procedure of any kind, you should always check it with a professional, experienced and fully qualified practitioner who can answer all your questions. Following that, you consultation should always include the complete assessment of your medical history and current health condition or on-going treatments so that all precautions are taken, and risks or complications can be prevented, and most importantly, optimum results can be achieved. Your doctor may also require before-and-after photos for a better comparison of the final results and the improved results.

Radiosurgery implies the usage of high frequency radio waves (up to 4,5 MHz) for the removal of skin lesions. These high frequency radio waves are generated by a radiosurgery unit consisting in an electrode (various shapes: wire loop electrode, needle, scalpel blade electrode, etc.) that transmits them through the skin.
The electrode, which provides great precision for the practitioner, will slightly touch the lesion, generating very little heat (as compared to electrocautery).

Because of this great precision, there is little to no damage cause to the surrounding tissue, that’s why excellent cosmetic results are obtained with radiosurgery. The energy released through the electrode will act upon the water within the cells, causing it to boil and destroying them from within, a procedure called cellular volatilization, dividing the tissues and thus removing the unaesthetic or problematic lesions/scars, etc. This heat is actually produced by the resistance of the tissue to the passage of the high frequency radio waves.

Another advantage of radiosurgery is that the electrode remains cold, unlike electrocautery and also auto-sterilizes itself while cauterizing the tissue, preventing thus possible future infections and bleeding, enhancing and speeding the healing process and offering better cosmetic results.

Possible Risks & Complications

Although the radiosurgery procedure is well tolerated and generally doesn’t raise big issues, the only discomfort you may feel is a small tugging sensation, but it is a mild one as local anesthetics are used.

The side-effects of radiosurgery in mole, wart, keratosis, etc. removal may consist in minor swelling, redness, tenderness of the area and a little bruising for a couple of days, but this is not generally valid for everyone.

In very rare situations, the patient may experience minor shocks or burns due to their coming in contact with another metal surface during the treatment, like touching a metal part of the bed, but the practitioner will be there to advise you on the correct position you should maintain throughout the procedure.

Risks and complications with radiosurgery are quite rare as it is a safe, painless and minimally invasive procedure that does not cause adjacent tissue damage. Moreover, due to the cauterization properties of the high frequency radio waves, the lesions is closed and the healing process is enhanced and improved.

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